Wednesday, January 29, 2014

The Fokker EV Project part 2

As promised, here is the next batch of Fokker D.VIII/E.V revisions. It's a mixed bag this time around. I hope you like them.

Fokker E.V, 1918-1919

Marine Aircraft

Many Marine aircraft were very flamboyantly painted in yellows, black and white. This is a safety measure in case they need to be rescued at sea.

Fokker E.V Marine-Feld Jagdstaffel-II FMF Theo Osterkamp. Jabbekke Belgium September 1918
Fokker E.V Marine-Feld Jagdstaffel-II FMF
Theo Osterkamp. Jabbekke Belgium Sept. 1918.

Fokker E.V - D.VIII  Jasta 6 1918
Fokker-E.V s/n 138/18 Marine Jagdgruppe Flandernfall.
Leutnant zur See Gotthard Sachsenberg, 1918.

Jasta 36

Fokker D.VIII-E.V, Jasta 36, Pilot & Serial number unknown, Aug. 1918.
Fokker D.VIII-E.V, Jasta 36, Pilot & Serial number unknown, Aug. 1918.

Polish Air-force 1919

Fokker E.V Polish Air-force s/n 001 (185/18) 1919.
Fokker E.V Polish Air-force s/n 001 (185/18) 1919.

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

The Fokker D.VII-E.V Project 2013

Things have been crazy around the studio and I have not had time to post. I've got the collection of Fokker Dr.I, started a series of Fokker D,VI and D,II, I took a short break to update all my Fokker D,VIII and E.V. The old drawings were bothering me and I've had a few planes I have not done before. Today I wanted to post the Fokker E.V which served with Jasta 6. Next post will be E.V. which served in MFJ-II.


Winner of the April 1918 fighter competition, the Fokker D.VIII monoplane was delayed by production problems. Only thirty six of them entered service during the last weeks of the war. Equipped with an underpowered engine, the D.VIII was nevertheless an excellent fighter eagerly received by the German air service. Dubbed the “Flying Razor” by Allied pilots, it had the distinction of scoring the last aerial victory of the war.

References

  1. "Fokker D.VIII", From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_D.VIII
  2. Connors, John F., "Fokker's Flying Razors", Wings, Granada Hills, California, August 1974, Volume 4, Number 4, pages 45, 48.
  3. Weyl, A.R. "Fokker: The Creative Years". 1988. ISBN 0-851778-17-8.

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

L.V.G. Experimental Fighters

L.V.G. Experimental Fighters 1916-1918

Despite the success of L.V.G. two seat aircraft, the pursuit for a top-notch fighter eluded them. Their attempts ranged from the mundane to the extremely odd. Perhaps they might have eventually succeeded. The end of the war stopped their efforts before any could enter production.


L.V.G. Experimental Fighter, 1916



L.V.G. D 10

Experimental single-seat fighter with wrapped plywood strip fuselage of deep gap-filling Walfisch type. The unique under-fin extending to the axle is one of the many features of this unusual-looking airplane which was built during 1916.

References

  1. Grey & Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Putnam &Company.
  2. LVG D.10, 1916 the Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved Nov/09/2012-14:32 from: http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/lvg_d-10.php
  3. LVG D.10, 1916 flyingmachines.ru retreived Nov/09/2012-14:38 from: http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft30276.htm

L.V.G. Experimental Fighter, 1917



L.V.G. D IV

Continuing the streamlined, ply-covered fuselage trend, the L.V.G. D IV featured a wing cellule similar to that of the earlier D II, with single-spar lower wing and vee interplane struts. The nose, of blunter proportions but still neatly spinnered, housed the vee-eight type, direct-drive, 195 h.p. Benz Bz IIIb engine. The machine participated at the second D types Competition at Adlershof in June 1918.

References

  1. Grey & Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Putnam &Company.
  2. L.V.G. D IV 1917 the Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved Nov/09/2012-14:47 from: http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/lvg_d-4.php
  3. L.V.G. D IV 1917 flyingmachines.ru retrieved Nov/09/2012-14:42 from: http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft25806.htm

L.V.G. Experimental Fighter, 1918



L.V.G. D V

The L.V.G. D V was another 195 h.p. Benz-powered prototype built in 1918, The design reverted to a slab-sided ply-covered fuselage. Most unusual feature was the reversal of the wing surface cord length, the lower was a much broader chord. It functioned as the main lifting surface. The narrow-chord upper-wing panels pivoted differentially outboard of the center-section. The entire surface of both wings acted as "ailerons" to provide lateral maneuverability.

The streamlining includes both the interplane and fuselage connecting twin-struts, are more or less V structure. The inner set is provided with a round cutting in the streamlining. The steepness, while not whale type, camouflaged the body of the L.V.G. The chord of the lower plane of the L.V.G. looks large for a scout; the rudder is a bit perplexing. Considering the amount of stress on a scout rudder, the unsupported position seems strange. The hinged fixed plane and elevator position of the L.V.G. Scout is similar to that of the Brandenburg seaplane.

References

  1. C.G. Grey (Editor) Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1919. David & Charles (November 1969) ISBN-10: 0715346474 ISBN-13: 978-0715346471
  2. Grey & Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Putnam &Company.
  3. L.V.G. D V 1918 the Virtual Aircraft Museum retrieved Nov/09/2012-14:49 from: http://www.aviastar.org/air/germany/lvg_d-5.php
  4. L.V.G. D V 1918 flyingmachines.ru retrieved Nov/09/2012-14:44 from: http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft25807.htm

Fokker Dr.I: Back in Black

Fokker Dr.I: Classic Black

Black profiles can be a challenge. Finding the right mid tone is important. You need to gain a bit of range through modeling with gradients. Once you're done, add the markings for that particular plane. The next step is building up layers of highlights to make the profile pop.

Working in monochrome is a great way to practice your luminosity skills. There are other benefits. You can create adjustment layers and alpha channels for masks. You can also colorize a monochrome layer.With practice you can layer patterns such as wood grain or complicated lozenge schemes.


This is one of the iconic black triplane for me. I love the simplicity of it. All the surfaces which would have been blue or the standard streaked paint were painted black.


Jasta 12 used white cowlings and black tail-lanes. The wings are painted in the standard streaked upper surfaces and pale blue under-surfaces. The wing and landing gear struts are pale blue. Notable are the old style Iron Cross markings and the black rudder.


This is another plane from Jasta 12. The basic paint scheme is the same. The personal markings are different and the rudder is white. Please note, it bears the more modern Maltese Cross as ordered in the spring of 1918.


The Jasta is indicated by the white cowling and yellow, black striped tail-plane. Once again the wings are painted in the streaked and blue scheme. The number "4" is repeated on the top of the fuselage near to the tail-plane. Notable is the lack of a cross on the fuselage and the black paint over the original Iron Cross to make the new Maltese Cross.



Monday, December 10, 2012

Britain - 1917 R.A.F. FE.9

Boldly Moving Forward Into the Past.

Life has been demanding of my free time. I hope my routine will settle down to normal chaos by the new year. It is good to be back. I need to post some of the work which has slipped through the cracks during the Fokker Dr.I renovation project. Today's post is one of the rare birds I have been working on.

Brief Overview of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.9

The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.9 was a prototype British two seat fighter-reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War. A single-engined pusher biplane of 1917, the F.E.9 had poor performance and handling, and only three were built.

In summer 1916, the Royal Aircraft Factory set out to design a replacement for its F.E.2b two-seat pusher fighter. The F.E.9 was of similar pusher configuration and therefore already obsolescent by the time it appeared in 1917. Although effective gun synchronizing gear was now available, which would allow a tractor design with superior performance to be designed, the factory chose to continue the pusher layout of the F.E.2 in its new two seat fighter, the F.E.9. Emphasis was placed in the design upon providing the gunner with a good field of fire and the pilot a good all-round view. Its nacelle extended well forward of the wings and was located high up in the wing gap to give a good field of fire for the observer, who was seated in the nose, ahead of the pilot, with dual controls fitted. It had unequal span, single-bay wings, with ailerons on the upper wing only with large horn balances (the amount of control surface forward of the hinge). It was powered by a 200 hp (149 kW) Hispano-Suiza 8 V8 engine, with the Royal Aircraft Factory having priority for this important and widely used engine.

Three prototypes and 24 production aircraft were ordered, with the first of three prototypes flying in April 1917. It was found to have a poor climb performance and handling, with the ailerons being overbalanced, which tended to force the aircraft onto its back in steep turns. In order to try and solve its handling problems it was fitted with various designs of aileron and rudders.

After service trials of the first prototype in France, Major General Hugh Trenchard recommended that development be stopped, despite this the second prototype flew in October 1917, with two-bay wings, which was passed to No. 78 Squadron based at Biggin Hill in the Home Defense role. The third prototype appeared in November 1917, and was used for trials at Farnborough until early 1918.

Although the 24 production aircraft were not completed, the F.E.9 did form the basis for the later N.E.1 night fighter and A.E.3 Ram ground attack aircraft.

References