Sunday, June 19, 2011

Austria - 1917 Lloyd C.V

I have been busy working on drawing up a few American Expeditionary Force aero squadron insignias and some Austrian profiles this weekend. Slowly but surely I am filling the gaps in my profile library.

A Rooster Tail Two Seat Reconnaissance Aircraft

Lloyd C.V - 1917
Lloyd C.V serial number 46.21 - 1917

The Lloyd C.V was a reconnaissance aircraft produced in Austria-Hungary during the First World War. It was a departure from Lloyd's previous reconnaissance types, which had all been based on a pre-war design. The C.V was a more compact and streamlined aircraft with an unusual wing structure.

The design was fairly conventional, except for the interplane struts. These were arranged in two sets, front and rear, with the rear sets consisting of two struts per wing, and the forward sets of only one strut per wing. When viewed from the front of the aircraft, the rear struts formed a V-shape, converging to the point where they met the lower wings. From bottom wing to top, the single forward struts sloped inwards towards the center line, matching the angle of the inboard rear struts. The fin was triangular and similar to the unit on earlier Lloyd designs, but featured an extension at the top of the rudder that reached over the top of the fixed part of the fin. With its curved leading edge and scalloped trailing edge, this rudder resembled the tail of a rooster.

The wings departed from the conventional structure of one or more spars surrounded by airfoil-shaped ribs and were built instead from ribs surrounded by longerons that stretched span-wise along the wings. This was all then covered in plywood sheeting. While this made for a strong, light structure, it also meant that repairs to damaged wings were difficult, and proved impossible to carry out in the field. Damaged aircraft were sent to depots for exchange. Another problem was that moisture trapped inside the wings had no way to escape quickly. This could cause the plywood skin to buckle or delaminate.

Lloyd built 96 C.Vs in 1917, powered by Austro-Daimler engines, while WKF built another 48 with Benz engines. The type saw only brief front-line service before being relegated to secondary duties. A number of continued in service after the war with the military forces of Poland, Hungary, and the Ukraine. In Poland, six; aircraft were operated until 1924


  1. Lloyd C.V. (2009, December 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:38, July 2, 2010, from
  2. Grosz, Peter M. (2002). "Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One". Colorado: Flying Machine Press.
  3. Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). "Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation". London: Studio Editions.


The Angry Lurker said...

Very nice but nothing on that Phonix, now that's beautiful.

W. I. Boucher said...

Thanks Fran, I like the Phonix too There are 3 distinct variants made by different manufacturers. I am working them up and will post asap. The main change between them is in the rudder/tail fin. Their camouflage is different, they sported a more angular edged pattern, some are yellow and black.

Jon said...

This is a good looking aircraft.

W. I. Boucher said...

I agree Jon, it was very distinctive. It surly looked better than some of the Lloyd designs.