Several countries used the Sopwith Camel during the Great War. For now I am only dealing with Belgium and Estonia. I have Unit markings for Camels in American service, however I am still researching the numbering system and arrangement for them. I will not post until I have nailed it down.
Sopwith Camels in Belgian Service
The first Sopwith F.1 Camel for the Aviation Militaire Belge, Sk-1 (later Sc-1) (B5710) arrived at Calais-Beaumarais in November 1917. Up to 50 Camels were in service of the Aviation Militaire from 1917 up till 1922.
Sopwith Camel Sk4 flown by Adj. Leon Cremers of the Belgian 11th Fighter Squadron (White Cocotte). The white origami bird, red and white checkered elements and the spiral wheel cover decoration make this a very distinctive plane. Some examples show markings on the rudder, some do not. I chose to go with them.
Sopwith Camel Sk7 flown by Jan Olieslagers. He flew Camels in the 9me Escadrille de Chasse until the end of the war. The white thistle insignia was a favorite theme in Belgian insignias. The dark triangular markings on the cowling have been shown as red, dark green and black. Most often it is shown as black so once again I made a personal choice.
Sopwith Camel in Estonian Service
During Estonia’s War of Independence, 1918-1920, the British government provided the young Estonian government with much needed military hardware and political support. On April 28 1919, Britain delivered one Sopwith Camel 2F.1 (N 6616), two B.E.2.e’s and two Norman Thompson N.T.2B’s. These British aircraft represented an initial shipment of military aviation goods to the new Republic of Estonia by the United Kingdom.
Sopwith Camel 2F.1 N 6616 was designated as s/n 5 of the Estonian Aviation Company. The national insignia is an old style black, white, and cornflower blue equilateral triangular arrangement. I have seen several examples and all seem to be in agreement on how the plane was marked.