Saturday, June 18, 2011

Austria - 1918 Phönix C-1

It seem that I have been unduly unkind to Austrian aviation development. There were many successful designs which served them well in the air war against the Italians on the Eastern Front. Even though it entered production the Phönix C-1 served in several nation's air force. When the war ended it was built by the Swedish Army Engineer Department.

An Austrian Success Story

Phönix C-1  Serial Number 121.72 - 1918
Phönix C-1 Serial Number 121.72 - 1918

The Phönix C.I was an Austro-Hungarian First World War reconnaissance and general-purpose Biplane built by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke.

The Phönix C.I was the first original design developed by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke It was based on the Hansa-Brandenburg C.II that Phönix was building under licence. A conventional biplane with a rear fuselage/tailplane similar to aircraft designed by Ernst Heinkel. The C.I had a fixed trailskid landing gear and was powered by a Hiero 6-cylinder inline piston engine, it had two tandem open cockpits for the pilot and observer/gunner. The company built 110 C.Is and then entered service with the KuKLFT in early 1918. After the First World War 30 aircraft were built by the Swedish Army engineering department but they were fitted with a 220 hp (164 kW) Benz inline engine.


  1. Phönix C.I. (2010, September 19). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:40, March 25, 2011, from
  2. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.

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